Tianjin has become a benchmark city for bike-sharing governance

2022-06-28 0 By

In recent years, tianjin municipal transportation departments earnestly implement the Ministry of Transport and tianjin municipal party committee municipal government on the development of new forms of deployment requirements, adhere to the system concept and thinking, focus on the government, enterprises, three key link, the user through a series of measures, will share a bike on the total amount by the original optimization cutting more than 100 to 340000,While ensuring citizens’ demand for cycling, the satisfaction with the use of shared bikes has been continuously improved.By the end of last year, the dispatchable vehicle coverage in tianjin central urban area reached 100%, and the overall satisfaction of citizens rose to 87.35%, forming a series of experiences and work ideas for reference.The satisfaction of using shared bikes in Tianjin has been improving.Wang Sen photography enterprises collect “owner-vehicle” to change the share, into the legal track……Since bike-sharing entered Tianjin in February 2017, the development of the industry has gone through four stages: competitive placement, smooth operation, standardized control and fine management.Especially since 2021, The bike-sharing industry in Tianjin has entered the stage of refined management, with the continuous improvement of Internet supervision and technological governance, more accurate management of industry personnel and vehicles, more perfect setting of road parking areas, and remarkable achievements in bike-sharing management.These governance results are derived from tianjin’s systematic planning and forward-looking thinking on the management of the bike-sharing industry.Initially, Tianjin also suffered from the problem of excessive and indiscriminate distribution of shared bikes, with about 1 million bikes in the city at one time.Through special cleaning of shared bikes occupying non-motorized lanes, green space and disorderly stacking, the problem of indiscriminate placement of shared bikes has been alleviated to some extent.After the “outbreak period”, some bike-sharing enterprises went bankrupt one after another, accompanied by mergers and reorganizations and financial risks.On the basis of protecting the public interest, Tianjin redivided the share of shared bikes.The government will encourage existing companies to assist in collecting vehicles left behind by closed companies, and distribute the recovered vehicles to the corresponding companies by converting them to a proportional share.By the end of 2019, the number of shared bikes in Tianjin had dropped to around 500,000.Since 2020, when the market has stabilized, Tianjin has re-carried out the calculation of the capacity of shared bikes in the central urban area, scientifically set the upper limit based on the demands of citizens, urban carrying capacity and other factors, and then started to allocate the share of shared bikes through bidding to further optimize and adjust the market.In determining the share, the general idea is moderate and step by step, according to the market response and enterprise management degree, and then dynamically adjust the total.To this end, through the analysis and judgment of big data such as bicycle travel demand, the final release number is determined to be 340,000.In view of the lack of legal basis for industry management, Tianjin municipality has included relevant provisions on shared bikes in the revised Version of Several Provisions on Road Traffic Safety in Tianjin, which has been deliberated and adopted at the 24th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the 17th Tianjin Municipal People’s Congress and will come into force on January 1, 2021.It further clarified the responsibilities and punishment basis of traffic and urban management departments to ensure that industry management departments should “have laws to abide by” when dealing with illegal behaviors of enterprises, which not only saves legislative time, but also can be repaired immediately.Also saves the legislative resources, promotes the industry management to enter the rule of law track.According to the service quality assessment results in 2021, the compliance rate of road spot check filing of shared bikes in downtown Tianjin has reached more than 95%, and the vehicle turnover efficiency has significantly improved, reaching an average of 2.5 vehicles per day, and even 4.5 vehicles per day for enterprises with less distribution.Managers use wechat mini program to spot check the situation of bicycles in the warehouse.”Credit commitment type” bidding, dynamic accurate service assessment…Industry management and unusual bidding forms different incentive autonomy, tianjin Shared cycling on the share of bidding in the form of a characteristic – “credit commitment type” bidding, in layman’s terms, which enterprise self-discipline measures the more strict, more reasonable, which can get a higher score, in order to gain higher on the share.After winning the bid, these commitments are also included in the agreement signed with the management department.Since the implementation of bidding for more than a year, all enterprises have better implemented the provisions of personnel allocation and technical input in the commitment, and formed the industry standard management mode combining self-discipline and heteropoly.We should not only let the enterprises with a large share continue to maintain standardized and strict operation and management behavior, but also let the enterprises with a small share have the opportunity to catch up and “overturn”.After the implementation of bidding, Tianjin revised the “Internet Rental Bicycle Service Quality Assessment Method”, mainly highlighting three aspects of characteristics: first, focus on the enterprise total control, operation and maintenance guarantee, science and technology application and other core indicators, increase the deduction value of excessive delivery and operation and maintenance problems, the implementation of a vote against data fraud.The second is to further improve the assessment subjects at both urban and urban levels. The transportation department at the municipal level, together with the urban management bureau, the public security bureau and the relevant departments of 10 districts in the central city area jointly score the enterprise behaviors, and summarize the final score according to different weights.Third, the assessment results will be linked to the adjustment of enterprise share, without passing line, according to the final ranking of direct increase or decrease, while encrypting the assessment frequency, the implementation of monthly assessment, quarterly cash, continue to urge enterprises to improve management.Through continuous assessment, the ranking of the bottom enterprises if they do well, soon can achieve the increase in share;Conversely, it may also face a reduction in share.Enterprises have become more self-disciplined, forming a virtuous governance cycle of “good money driving out bad money”.Tianjin innovatively implemented “dynamic examination” and “precise examination”.On the basis of assessment method, according to management need and management key, dynamic adjustment to assessment implementation detailed rules, negotiate with the enterprise to decide to adjust content jointly ahead of schedule.For example, after the implementation of “precise parking”, in order to prevent enterprises from shutting down the electronic fence without permission, Tianjin added the random road inspection of the electronic fence stop point in time, skillfully through big data and scientific and technological means for the self-discipline of enterprises at any time to bring the “other law” constraint.In the form of road inspection, On the basis of the original mobile phone code scanning mini program, Tianjin innovatively developed mobile phone bluetooth sniffing-sampling mini program and App. By searching vehicle Bluetooth signal and comparing vehicle data recorded on municipal platform in real time, the compliance rate of vehicles can be checked in a large range at the same time.In addition, managers can also scan the two-dimensional code of the car body and other grasping hands at the same time on the road of the bike spot inspection, on the vehicle bluetooth off cheating behavior to identify, so that the violation of the “lucky”.Co-governance between government and enterprise, fostering the habits of citizens…Government departments require the standardized and orderly development of new business forms to give full play to the role of the last kilometer of urban travel. Enterprises, as market players, also pursue reasonable business performance, while citizens hope to use shared bikes more conveniently and comfortably.It is only through inclusiveness and prudence that we can find the largest common divisor among the three parties that sound and lasting development can be achieved.In 2021, Tianjin fully promoted the accurate parking of shared bikes, especially in the early bidding process, the index of completing high-precision vehicle replacement has been written into the agreement signed with enterprises.At the same time, for the old vehicles that do not have high precision positioning, Tianjin has also set recycling targets for enterprises as assessment items.If the enterprise does not replace all the new cars as scheduled, it is regarded as over investment processing, and it comes naturally to guide and urge the enterprise to complete the relevant work on time.In terms of cultivating users’ parking habits, Tianjin has carried out simultaneous publicity of fixed-point pickup mode and collection of satellite coordinates of drop-off points in advance. In the first batch of 1,000 drop-off points, local governments and enterprises will give priority to key points such as subway and shopping malls in core areas.And enterprises are required to implement restraint measures step by step after the electronic fence goes online, and set up a transitional period. There are no punishment measures for the behavior of non-standard parking for the time being, and citizens are given time to get familiar with the fixed-point return and entry settlement process.After the transition period, enterprises began to charge dispatching fees for the behavior of failing to return cars at the return points to guide citizens to use cars in a standardized and orderly manner.With the progress of the work, the second batch of car points gradually completed online.So far, the tianjin city center has launched more than 2000 fixed point also point, covers the central urban area has the conditions of the subway station, prosperous business circle, such as hot area, parking area network formation, effectively reduce the tie up blind road, such as motor vehicle road pavement disorderly parking place, also provides convenience for citizens to find Shared cycling.Municipal and district government departments and bike-sharing enterprises have established a system of monthly regular working meetings to strengthen the collection of governance information and two-way feedback on policy implementation.At the time of policy formulation, industry management will solicit opinions from various parties, including operating enterprises.Adhere to the bottom line thinking, adopt the application of service quality assessment results and administrative law enforcement means, realize the combination of “soft governance” and “hard governance”, seek to standardize enterprise behavior and service enterprise development integration, to build a benign pattern of joint construction, joint governance and sharing.In 2021, a total of 256 million people rode bicycles in the downtown area of Tianjin, with a total mileage of 383 million kilometers. It is estimated that the cumulative emission reduction will reach 95,800 tons of carbon dioxide.In the next step, Tianjin will further tap the convenience service potential of shared bikes and study a more detailed operation scheduling scheme.At the same time, to explore through the integration of the credit management, guide the citizen civilized park ride, specification, encourage citizens to participate in the Shared cycling in the process of governance, toward “adaptive, self drive, since the specification” target continuous efforts, make the Shared cycling industry organic blend in urban public transportation system, better give play to the role of green travel and slow transportation,Continuous exploration and accumulation of useful experience, so that Tianjin will continue to maintain the national megacities of bike-sharing management among the advanced cities.Shan Jiawen, reporter of China Traffic News, stated: This article is reproduced for the purpose of passing on more information.If the source is wrong or violated your legitimate rights and interests, please contact the author with proof of ownership, we will promptly correct, delete, thank you.Email address: newmedia@xxcb.cn