Mirror image of Officialdom in the Late Qing Dynasty: Political Ecology in the Late Qing Dynasty in a Diary | Beijing News annual reading recommendation

2022-05-20 0 By

Memories are not only traces of the past, but also tunnels into the future.Books, of course, are the most powerful influence on the way we remember things, as we sift through them and retain valuable fragments in our minds.Through history and social science books, we can remember the phenomena that occur in human society. Through literature and art books, we can capture the details and subtle emotions that are overlooked. Through children’s books and life books, we can grow gradually through time.The official mirror of the Late Qing Dynasty by Qiu Jie version: The video of the author of the official Mirror of the Late Qing Dynasty by Qiu Jie, Social Sciences Academic Press, May 2021In the archives room of the History Department of Sun Yat-sen University, there is a diary which is seldom read.Its owner, du Fengzhi, a county official of a state in the late Qing Dynasty, did not start his official career until he was 50 years old.Qiu Jie has a sharp eye, after a long period of in-depth reading, fully excavated the value of the diary.Why did local officials often deviate from the royal law to make judgments in the late Qing Dynasty?How do officials interact with each other on a daily basis?Is “imperial power” “no county”?Aiming at this series of important problems, The Mirror image of the Officialdom in the Late Qing Dynasty fills in many key facts and details that have not been fully paid attention to by predecessors on the basis of the existing research on the history of the political system and legal system of the Qing Dynasty.We pay tribute to Qiu Jie for his contribution of valuable new historical materials and new ideas to an important field of historical research with his own wisdom. More importantly, as a historian, qiu Jie has put nearly 20 years of painstaking efforts into his research spirit of “sitting on the bench for ten years is cold”.We salute the mirror image of official life in the Late Qing Dynasty, which reflects the political ecology of the late Qing Dynasty and its hidden troubles through the vivid daily life of grassroots officials.It focuses on the living people in the abstract system and writes a “living system history”, showing strong humanistic care.I am very grateful to learn that this book has won the “Beijing News Annual Reading Recommendation for 2021”.In part, the book is a byproduct of my notes in Du Fengzhi’s diary.The diary contains a lot of details about the late Qing officialdom operation that the academic circle did not pay much attention to in the past. I conveniently wrote down these details or stories, and then wrote this book.After the book was published, it was encouraged by many scholars studying qing history and modern history.Several prominent book reviewers have made very professional and pertinent comments.I was grateful and impressed that someone had pointed out some areas in the book that needed improvement.The publisher’s editor told me that the book had been reprinted twice since it came out.Not many academic books are reprinted twice in the same year as they are published. Many people are willing to read my own books. I am certainly happy as an author, but I also know that the contents of Du Fengzhi’s diary are really attractive, perhaps not because the writing is good.I hope this book will remind more researchers to pay attention to Du Fengzhi’s diary.Qiu Jie Qiu Jie is a professor and doctoral supervisor of the Department of History, Sun Yat-sen University. His research interest is modern Chinese history.The Beijing News: How do you understand the historical value of Du Fengzhi’s diary?What should we pay attention to when using diary materials?Qiu Jie: With the further diversification of historical research, scholars pay more and more attention to diaries, especially du Fengzhi’s diaries, which are large and recorded continuously for many years.Diaries are usually written on the same day (and not too long after they are filled in), making memory errors less likely and a truer reflection of the author’s thoughts.Diaries, because of their privacy, record facts that are not reflected in other documents.The diary of an important person, such as The Diary of Chiang Kai-shek, is naturally more valued by researchers because it involves many important historical issues.Generally speaking, in politics, military, academic and other aspects of a high status, will anticipate that the diary will be open in the future, so, consciously or not consciously when writing will have scruple, scholars must consider this factor when quoting.Du Fengzhi was a petty official who was already 53 years old when he entered the official career. He was a rational man who knew for himself that he would not go down in history.At the time, no published mintage millions of words of diary may, diary to remember a lot of boss, colleagues, subordinates, and even loved ones friends mean comments, even wrote down some of their privacy, explain Du Fengzhi diary write diary does not intend to take off just to see, hear and experience level down, and write down your own observation and thinking,At best, I just want to let off steam by keeping a diary.In terms of historical sources, this “writing for writing’s sake” is less credible than a diary that was printed in anticipation of publication.As a link between the previous and the next prefectural officials, Du Fengzhi’s observations and records also have a special perspective.But I don’t think du fengzhi’s diary is all true.When I read the whole diary, I found that Du fengzhi’s account of instructions from his superiors, discussions with his colleagues, and his own methods of collecting money, torture, expenditure and property disposal was basically credible.However, his descriptions and comments on the course of the incident, the truth of the case, guangdong society and Guangdong customs are certainly one-sided or even inaccurate.There are also certain situations in the description of facts, such as selection and tailoring due to interest, affinity and dislike, mishearsay, improper judgment, and ignorance of one and the other.Therefore, the contents of Du Fengzhi’s diary can not be regarded as a simple belief in history, but the mentality of Du Fengzhi reflected in the diary should be true.For historical researchers, how to use historical data is a basic skill. Since the historical data in this diary is of high value, it will certainly be useful for many research topics as long as it is used in accordance with the norms of academic research.The Beijing News: what was the biggest difficulty in reading the diary and writing the book?What are the questions that need to be further extended for the follow-up researchers of this diary?Qiu Jie: THANK you very much for your kind comments, especially to the readers and reviewers who pointed out some shortcomings in the mirror image of officialdom in the late Qing Dynasty.The first great difficulty I encountered in organizing this diary was, of course, the problem of “reading” and “recognizing people”.Diary with more grass writing, the weight is very large, insert write, alter often use the small print.Du Fengzhi’s handwriting did not necessarily follow the standard of cursive script, and occasionally there were wrong characters. In many cases, the characters could not be recognized, so we could only guess by the context. When people’s names and places were scrawled, it was even more difficult to guess according to the context.In addition to using various calligraphy tools, I often consult friends who know calligraphy.Now there are a lot of databases can be searched, as long as you come up with the right keywords, try again and again, a lot of people, place names can be found out the correct way to write.The characters mentioned in the diary seldom use their real names or full names, but most of them use font names, borrowed names, nicknames or official nicknames or abbreviations. It is not easy to know who is who.I believe that future scholars of Qing history will pay close attention to this diary.The diary’s records concerning the handling of cases deserve special attention.As far as I know, Professor Xu Zhongming of Sun Yat-sen University has carefully read the whole diary, and I believe that he and other scholars studying the legal history of the Qing Dynasty will achieve very innovative results by using this diary.The Beijing News: From Du Fengzhi’s personal account, what characteristics do you feel about the macro political atmosphere of the late Qing officialdom?How representative is Du Fengzhi’s story?Qiu Jie: The diary reflects that until the late 19th century, the qing officialdom, namely the political system of the Qing Dynasty, was not “out of the Middle Ages”. This system was not only the product of China’s backward economic, political and social systems at that time, but also a great obstacle for China to “move towards modern times”.As a middle and lower level official in Qing Dynasty, I can not easily judge how representative Du Fengzhi was, but he was at least a “normal” county official in Qing Dynasty.His story, I think, reflects that most officials had no doubt about the “ethics” and the “rationality” of the Qing Dynasty, and worked hard to maintain the “normal” operation of the Qing political system in the old track.Although Du Fengzhi had read some books introducing “Western learning”, his thoughts were still not “out of the Middle Ages”.It can be seen that there was a lack of social and ideological basis for political reform among officials at that time.The Beijing News: What new understanding of the regional politics, culture and economy of modern Guangdong can you gain from studying Du Fengzhi’s diary?Qiu Jie: Reading a diary, it is difficult to gain much new understanding on such a big issue as “regional politics, culture and economy in modern Guangdong” that overturns past perceptions.However, this diary provides many details that our predecessors have not paid much attention to, so that we can get a more comprehensive and accurate understanding of the “regional politics, culture and economy of modern Guangdong”.From the late Tongzhi period to the early Guangxu Period, Guangdong was a relatively “peaceful” period in the late Qing Dynasty, just like the whole country. There were no “major events” of internal troubles and foreign invasion. Du Fengzhi’s diary reminds us that there are also many problems worth studying in Guangdong during these years.Beijing News: What new issues are you focusing on and researching recently?What would you recommend to our readers in 2021?Qiu Jie: Last year I wrote an article entitled extrajudicial Considerations of County officials in the Late Qing Dynasty: A Case study based on Du Fengzhi. Maybe it will be published this year.I want to write a book about it.However, I lack of legal discipline education and research, academic background, with the former studies of legal scholars also have no communication, even if the book write, in the method, perspective, narrative and language, etc and authentic legal research work must have a very big difference, my self-image, is like “officialdom in late qing dynasty mirror”, is a history of reading notes, but the content will not be repeated.In recent years, DUE to my old age, I was busy with annotating du Fengzhi’s Diary, so I didn’t read much and didn’t pay much attention.New book in 2021, but Mr Lucic the research of ancient China’s xiang li system (Chen Chunsheng of the local stories and national history – social change of the middle and lower reaches of han jiang region, spcswinson travel Ann ever – chongqing commercial system in the qing dynasty and nan-sheng peng “neighborhood businessmen society – Shanghai business federation (1919-1929),” the road,I have read them carefully because of the books I am writing or the issues I have always been interested in, and I hope that more readers will be interested in these books as I am.Compiled by Liu Yaguang edited by Qing Qingzi, Shen Chan, Xiao Shuyan proofread by Xue Jingning, Li Ming