Edible “low sodium salt” benefit is much, Peking University professor: suggest countrywide promotion

2022-04-24 0 By

Do you read the nutrition label when you go to the supermarket?Yes, it’s time to cut down on salt. Sodium is my biggest concern. Yes, get in the habit of reading nutrition labels when buying packaged foods and choose foods that are low in sodium.Some convenience foods, snacks and meats taste less salty but are high in sodium, so watch out for hidden salt.However, packaging products to buy less, or rely on daily life to reduce salt!Yes, low sodium is recommended here.The SSaSS study, a large cohort randomized controlled trial led by Prof. Yang Feng Wu of Peking University’s Institute of Clinical Research, is the first to show that low sodium can safely and effectively reduce cardiovascular events and all-cause deaths at a low cost.If every household replaced regular salt with low-sodium salt, and all restaurants, canteens and food manufacturers replaced regular salt in the preparation and processing of food, deaths across China would be reduced by more than 10 percent.The cardiovascular system prefers low-sodium salts, also known as “high-potassium salts,” in which about 25% of sodium chloride is replaced with potassium chloride.This reduces the sodium content of salt and increases the potassium content, protecting blood vessels without sacrificing saltiness.Potassium and sodium work together. Potassium relaxes vascular smooth muscle, while sodium does the opposite.Excessive sodium intake and/or insufficient potassium intake, as well as a low ratio of potassium and sodium intake, are important risk factors for hypertension among Chinese residents, according to the Chinese Hypertension Guidelines 2018.Reducing sodium and increasing potassium can reduce the risk of hypertension for ordinary people, and effectively reduce blood pressure for hypertensive patients.Increased potassium intake helps protect the body against the increased blood pressure and damage to blood vessels caused by sodium. It also helps flush sodium out of the body, reducing the risk of high blood pressure and protecting the cardiovascular system.Potassium also has a reverse effect on proteinuria and renal failure caused by a high-salt diet, and has a beneficial effect on bone density.Fill up potassium “gap” Chinese nutrition society recommends, the appropriate intake of potassium of healthy person is 2000 mg every day, but the intake of potassium of our country dweller is only 1421 mg/day, far lower than recommended intake.Potassium can ensure the acid-base balance in the body, and maintain the normal function of nerves and muscles.Appear at ordinary times weakness, fatigue, nausea and cramps when the situation also should fill properly potassium.In addition to people with high blood pressure, ordinary adults can also use low sodium salt as the first choice of seasoning.While “low sodium” is good, it also requires adhering to the World Health Organization’s recommendation of no more than 5 grams of salt (2 grams of sodium) per day.However, for the following three groups of people, at least carefully eat low sodium salt.Renal insufficiency potassium ion is discharged from the body through the kidney. If renal function is damaged, potassium ion accumulation will be caused over a long time and blood potassium will increase. Renal insufficiency should be cautious about eating low sodium salt.Before the use of high potassium salt, it is best to understand their own renal function, blood potassium level detection.Take antihypertensive drugs “Pullil” class of antihypertensive drugs, namely angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitors, such as benazepril, perindopril, captopril, etc.”Sartan” antihypertensive drugs, namely angiotensin II receptor antagonists, such as losartan, valsartan, irbesartan, etc.Potassium-preserving diuretics, such as spironolactone, eplenone, amiloride, etc.These three types of antihypertensive drugs will directly or indirectly inhibit the role of aldosterone, hinder the discharge of potassium ions, and increase blood potassium.Take immunosuppressants Immunosuppressants include things like cyclosporine and tacrolimus.Both drugs reduce aldosterone synthesis and potassium channel activity, and concomitant consumption of low sodium salts is associated with the risk of hyperkalemia.In addition, children should not eat low sodium salt for a long time because of the imperfect development of renal function.Some people worry that “low sodium will increase the risk of hyperkalemia”. In fact, for people with normal kidney function, the body has a strong ability to expel potassium, even if potassium intake is too much, it will soon be excreted in the urine.Source: Life Times